Say it and then prove it

Don’t just say it, Prove it! When planning your answers think of answering your replies just like a newspaper publishes their news. Have a headline, answer the question directly and clearly, but then go into the answer afterwards supporting your claims with facts or examples. 


Aristotle a master debater and artist of persuasion developed 3 modes of proof which can increase the persuasiveness of one's statement. Understanding and applying these principles in your speech can vastly increase the quality of your answers. 



(Greek for 'character') refers to how trustworthy or credible the speaker or writer is and how knowledgeable he or she is concerning a subject. If the audience is familiar with the speaker or writer, then her reputation will be important here. Is she an expert in the field? Does she have relevant experience? If the speaker or writer is unknown to the audience, then she will need to establish ethos solely through the text itself. Ethos is often conveyed through tone and style of the message and through the way the writer or speaker refers to differing views. Writers and speakers use ethos when they connect their argument to their audience's own set of views.



(Greek for 'suffering' or 'experience'), while often associated with emotions, is more broadly an appeal that draws upon the audience's emotions, sympathies, interests, and/or imagination. With an appeal to pathos, the audience is encouraged to identify with the speaker or writer – to feel or experience what the writer feels. As the meaning of pathos implies, the audience "suffers," in the realm of the imagination, what the rhetor suffers.



(Greek for 'word') refers to the clarity of the message's claim, its logic, and the effectiveness of its supporting evidence. The audience should be able to follow a clear progression of concepts backed up with reasonable and appropriate details.